Dietro questa storia ci sono un uomo, una donna, una famiglia e 8000 fantasmi; le vittime del massacro di Srebrenica. Ricordate? Era il caldo luglio del 1995. C’era la guerra in Bosnia. L’uomo è Hasan Nuhanovic. Ora ha 40 anni. Allora era un interprete dei caschi blu olandesi. È stato uno dei pochi sopravvissuti a quella che è stata definita “la peggiore atrocità” commessa in Europa dopo la Secondo Guerra Mondiale.
La donna è Liesbeth Zegveld, avvocato di Amsterdam, specializzata nella difesa dei diritti umani. Mehida, Damir e Alma Mustafic sono invece la famiglia di Rizo, meccanico impiegato presso la base militare delle Nazioni Unite della cittadina bosniaca. Lui non ce la fece: venne ucciso dai soldati del generale serbo-bosniaco Ratko Mladic. Il 16 giugno, la vedova e le figlie di Mustafic sedevano accanto ad Hasan, e dietro al loro avvocato, nella aula del Tribunale dell’Aja. Dove è iniziata una delle più importanti cause riguardanti il massacro. E non è l’unica che parte in questi giorni. Il 18 giugno un’altra corte olandese discuterà della denuncia presentata da un’associazione che si chiama “Le madri di Srebrenica”, una sorta di prima class action del genocidio.
Per approfondire l’argomento della strage di Srebrenica:
“Processo agli Scorpioni”, di Jasmina Tesanovic.
3 pensieri riguardo “Srebrenica: processo ai caschi blu olandesi”
Hello (please excuse the English text)
I’m sure you don’t need reminding. Tomorrow judgment is being given in the civil court actions being brought by Hasan Nuhanovic and the Mustafic family against the Dutch State for failure to protect their relatives who were killed at Srebrenica, in the District Court at The Hague tomorrow morning Wednesday 10 September.
I hope you don’t mind me copying a press release from GfbV Goettingen who will be conducting a vigil outside the court:
The Hague / Göttingen, 10 September 2008
Decision due on 10.9.2008 at The Hague in first civil court action brought by Srebrenica survivors against Dutch state
Why were Ibro, Nasiha and Muhamed Nuhanovic and Rizo Mustafic sent to their deaths when the United Nations had promised to ensure their safety?
Today the Netherlands District Court in The Hague will deliver its verdict on whether the Dutch state and its contingent of United Nations peace-keeping troops can be held responsible for handing over Bosnian refugees who had looked to them for protection to be murdered by Serb soldiers in July 1995.
“We hope that the Dutch government, along with the international community, will finally accept responsibility for the deaths of 8376 men and boys from the town and for their surviving relatives”, declared GfbV/STP General Secretary Tilman Zülch, speaking in Göttingen, Germany, today. “The eyes and thoughts of all the survivors of the massacre who hold the Dutch UN troops and the Dutch government responsible for the the death of their defenceless relatives are focused on The Hague. The judges must not disappoint them.”
In July 1995 Bosnians who had sought refuge In the UN forces’ base at Potocari were ordered by Dutch UN peacekeepers to leave the safety of the base and sent to face the prospect of certain death with Bosnian refugees already being killed and raped by Serb soldiers only a few metres outside the area under UN protection . The UN forces even denied protection to Bosnians who were known personally to them and to the family of their interpreter.
Six years ago the family of electrician Rizo Mustafic, who was murdered at Srebrenica, and Hasan Nuhanovic, whose parents and brother were also among those killed, began their civil action in the District Court at The Hague. They sought to hold the Dutch state accountable for the failings of the Dutch UN battalion. What the court has to determine is whether the Dutch government and the Dutch command within UNPROFOR should be held accountable for the shameful conduct of Dutch forces who were more concerned for their own safety than they were for the protection of the civilians in their care.
Hasan Nuhanovic lost his parents and his younger brother. His father’s remains have been found in a mass grave and identified but the fate of his mother and brother remains unknown. Many mass graves were subsequently dug up by Serb troops using bulldozers to conceal the evidence. The remains were reburied elsewhere.
Alma Mustafic, daughter of the murdered Rizo Mustafic, has written to GfbV that, “Deep in my heart I am hoping that the court will deliver a just verdict and that these crimes will not be trivialised or denied.”
Background: the tragedy of the Nuhanovic family:
Hasan Nuhanovic spent the night of 12-13 July 1995 with his parents and brother in a makeshift office on the UNPROFOR base at Potocari, on the outskirts of Srebrenica, working to the orders of the Dutch officer Andre de Haan. De Haan, who was staying in the same room with them and a doctor and nurse, had in the past been a welcome guest of the family and had enjoyed Mrs Nuhanovic’s cooking . Nevertheless he did nothing to help her as she came close to breaking down on hearing that nine men had been killed in the area in front of the UNPROFOR base . The following morning, between 5 and 6 a.m., de Haan said, “Hasan, tell your mother, your brother and your father they must leave the base.“
Nuhanovic has painstakingly researched the story of the terrible events at Srebrenica which he documented in meticulous detail in his 550-page book, “Under the UN Flag”, before taking his case to court.
Jasna Causevic, GfbV/STP’s Southern Europe desk officer, can be contacted in The Hague by t
Thank-You, Jasna, for Your work.